Order Ephemeroptera

(Mayflies)

Domain: EucaryaKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ArthropodaClass: Insecta Order Phenology

Families of the Order Ephemeroptera Discovered in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Family Common Name Photo Example Where? Phenology
AmeletidaeCombmouthed minnow mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
BaetidaeSmall minnow mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
BaetiscidaeArmored mayfly(not available) HerePhenology
CaenidaeSmall squaregill mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
EphemerellidaeSpiny crawler mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
EphemeridaeBurrowing mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
Ephemeroptera_familyMayflies(not available) HerePhenology
HeptageniidaeFlat-headed mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
IsonychiidaeBushlegged mayfly(not available) HerePhenology
LeptohyphidaeStout crawler mayfly(not available) HerePhenology
LeptophlebiidaeProng gilled mayflies(not available) HerePhenology
NeoephemeridaeLarge squaregill mayfly(not available) HerePhenology
SiphlonuridaePrimitive minnow mayfly(not available) HerePhenology

Can't find the families you are looking for? Note:
Families on this list are only those contained in the ATBI database,
and do not neccessarily include all Park families from historic park reports, literature,
or other sources that have not yet been entered in the Biodiversity Database.
Also note: where the family name ends with '_family', it means that the family
name has not yet been agreed upon by taxonomists for this group,
or that it was not identified to this level.

In Case You Didn't Know ...
Mayflies are delicate insects that spend most of their lives as nymphs (larvae) living under water.
Much of the mayfly's popularity comes from the fact that it is a food source for trout.
Most nymphal mayflies are herbivores feeding on algae and diatoms, or are detritivores feeding on detritus. Most immature stage mayfly species like well-aerated, pollution-free waters.
The adult stage only appears for a few days for mating, and then because they do not feed, will quickly die. Mayflies are unique members of the insect class in that they are the only ones with a winged pre-adult stage. If you see this insect as an adult, you will notice that it usually will have an upturned abdomen and wings held straight up when standing. Usually the adult also has 3 hair-like appendages extending from its posterior.