Order Plecoptera

(Stoneflies)

Domain: EucaryaKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ArthropodaClass: Insecta Order Phenology

Families of the Order Plecoptera Discovered in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Family Common Name Photo Example Where? Phenology
CapniidaeSmall winter stoneflies(not available) HerePhenology
ChloroperlidaeGreen stoneflies(not available) HerePhenology
LeuctridaeRolled-winged stoneflies(not available) HerePhenology
NemouridaeSpring stoneflies(not available) HerePhenology
PeltoperlidaeRoach-like stoneflies HerePhenology
PerlidaePerlid stoneflies(not available) HerePhenology
PerlodidaeStripetail stoneflies HerePhenology
PteronarcyidaeSalmonflies or giant stoneflies HerePhenology
TaeniopterygidaeWillowfly stoneflies(not available) HerePhenology

Can't find the families you are looking for? Note:
Families on this list are only those contained in the ATBI database,
and do not neccessarily include all Park families from historic park reports, literature,
or other sources that have not yet been entered in the Biodiversity Database.

In Case You Didn't Know ...
Stoneflies are a relatively wide-spread, and small order of insects inhabiting streams as eggs and then nymphs (immature), and emerging from the water as free-flying terrestrial adults. The lifespan of adults lasts only about a month.
Since the start of Discover Life in America, of the 119 species known so far to occur in the park, 46 have been identified as new to the park. Even more exciting is that through DLIA coordinated efforts, 3 species have been identified that are completely new to science ... never having been found anywhere else in the world!

Taxon References for Plecoptera

1.) Parker, C.R.. 2009. Personal communication. USGS, at Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Gatlinburg, Tennessee.
2.) Book: An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America, edited by R. W. Merritt, and K. W. Cummins, Kendal/Hunt Publishing Co.