Kingdom Information:

Fungi includes all mushrooms and molds, and everything in between.  Ecologically, they are very important as they are responsible for the decomposition of organic matter.  The biology devoted to the study of fungi is mycology.  Prior to DLIA's research, we only knew of 2,157 species in the Park.  Now, the total is  2,797 with 57 of these finds  new to science and 583 are new records for the Park.


Kingdom Common Name: Fungi

Domain: Eucarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Eucarya >

Some uses of fungi include the following.

  • Directly as food (mushrooms)
  • Indirectly as food (leavening and fermentation)
  • Production of antibiotics
  • Various enzymes from fungi used in production of detergents and in industrial processes
  • Biological control agents for weeds and pests

MORE on Fungal Biodiversity in the Smokies ...

The following phyla of the Kingdom Fungi are known to inhabit the Park.

Phylum Common Name ATBI Where
Fungi in the Park
Ascomycota sac fungi and lichens 2004 Here
Basidiomycota club fungi (NA) Here
Chytridiomycota lttle sporepot fungi (NA) Here
Deuteromycota deutero fungi (NA) Here
Microsporidia microsporidian parasites 2008 Here
Zygomycota zygote molds (NA) Here


Special thanks to the following leading researchers for their help and fieldwork contribution to the park's knowledge of Fungi.

  • Dr. Karen Hughes - University of Tennessee
  • Dr. Andrew Miller - University of Illinios
  • Dr. Richard Baird - Mississippi State University

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